Dr Rommel A. Curaming

rommel.curaming@ubd.edu.bn

Senior Assistant Professor, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences



               

Dr. Rommel Curaming is Senior Assistant Professor of History and International Studies Programme, University of Brunei Darussalam. He obtained a PhD in Southeast Asian Studies from the Australian National University (ANU). He also did masteral studies at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and University of the Philippines (UP-Diliman). Before joining University of Brunei Darussalam (UBD), he was a postdoctoral fellow at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and La Trobe University. He has published articles and book reviews in international journals such as Critical Asian Studies, Time and Society, Sojourn, Philippine Studies, South East Asia Research, Southeast Asian Studies, Suvannabhumi, among other journals. His research interests include history and memory of political violence, comparative history and historiography, history and popular culture, politics of knowledge production and consumption, heritage-making, place-making, Filipino Malayness, state-scholar relations, pol-ethics of scholarship, postcolonial theory and decoloniliality movement. The empirical areas of his research are mainly Islands Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia and the Philippines.

EDUCATION

PhD in Southeast Asian Studies Australian National University (ANU),
MA in Southeast Asian Studies National University of Singapore (NUS)
MA in Asian Studies University of the Philippines (UP)-Diliman
Bachelor of Sec. Education University of the Philippines (UP)- Diliman Philippines

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Comparative history and historiography of Southeast Asia, History and memory of political violence in Indonesia and the Philippines, Heritage-making in the Philippines, State-scholar relations in Indonesia and the Philippines, Postcolonialism, poststructuralism and decoloniality movement, Politics of knowledge production and consumption in Southeast Asia

FUTURE PROJECTS

Knowledge Politics and Southeast Asia: Re-orienting Progressive Scholarship

Using a range of cases drawn from the analysis of knowledge production and consumption in and on Southeast Asia, this book illustrates the various ways scholarship may be simultaneously and fundamentally political. It builds upon, and extends, the arguments developed in my recently published book Power and Knowledge in Southeast Asia: State and Scholars in Indonesia and the Philippines (Curaming 2020, Routledge). By underscoring the power of scholars and scholarship, rather than their supposed neutral or antithetical relationship with politics, this proposed book argues for the need to re-orient progressive scholarship away from the usual intellectualist critique, towards the mapping out of the power relations that underpin knowledge production and actual consumption. The reason for this lies in the need to lessen the chance of scholarship, including progressive ones, being misused by the already powerful and jeopardize in the process the interests of the unsuspecting public. This alternative approach entails pushing, rather than taming, the logic of the analysis of power/knowledge to its conclusion. That is, regardless of empirical accuracy, theoretical salience, analytic cogency and methodological soundness, a scholarly output is enabled, validated, perceived and used within the matrices of power relations, which include the field of scholarship itself. Thus, it cannot but be politically implicated and must be taken and analysed as such. and it is just the question of whose politics it supports: leftist, rightists, centrist, or itself.


Applications Invited

The Historical is Political: The Jabidah Massacre in/as History, Memory and Heritage

This book project analyzes an iconic episode in the history of the Philippines and Mindanao, in particular, the Jabidah massacre, through the analytic frames of history, memory and heritage. Closely related and often conveniently differentiated, history, memory and heritage represent the evolving and expanding approaches to and conceptions and uses of past phenomena. At the same time, they signify the different ways aspects of the past and present are conceived or concealed for a supposedly better or grander future. They, in short, are among the various names through which politics are played out in disguise. They are also frames through which politics may be subtly but more productively examined. This book examines the possible reasons and the different temporal and positional standpoints that enabled the event to be understood, denied or claimed by groups or individuals as a historical event. It illuminates why the tag ‘history’ matters to various stakeholders and how and why the topography of memory of this event had since then been uneven, at times forgotten, and then remembered, by whom, through what mediums, and in what contexts. The authors of this book will scrutinize the discursive regimes and socio-political and material contexts that facilitated the gradual transformation of memories of this event into a kind of a cultural artifact that forms part of the heritage of struggle among the Muslims and non-Muslims in the Philippines. Whether as history, or memory or heritage, political interests among various stakeholders underpin the various framings of the Jabidah massacre. This book uncovers the ways in which these politics enter into the realms of history-writing, memory-making and heritage-construction about the Jabidah massacre. Our angle of vision is directed to not only exposing the implicit politics but also how the use of different names or conceptual frames allows the sinister side of politics to be concealed. An important question will be raised and addressed: what roles do the writing, memory-making, and monumentalizing of the past play in support of unscrupulous politics?


Applications Invited
16

Scopus Publications

137

Google Scholar Citations

7

Google Scholar h-index

3

Google Scholar i10-index

Scopus Publications

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Curaming, R. A. (2020) Power and Knowledge in Southeast Asia: State and Scholars in Indonesia and the Philippines. Rethinking Southeast Asia Series. New York & London: Routledge

Curaming, E. M. & R. A. Curaming (2020) “Gender (In)equality in English Textbooks in the Philippines: A Critical Discourse Analysis” Sexuality & Culture, 24 (4), 1167–1188

Curaming, R. A. (2020) “Area Studies, History and the Anthropocene,” Suvannabhumi: Multidisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 12 (2).

Curaming, R.A. (2018) Official History Reconsidered: The Tadhana Project in the Philippines. In The Palgrave Handbook of State-Sponsored History After 1945 edited by B. Bevernage and N. Wouters. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 237-253. (Scopus-indexed

Curaming, R. A. (2018) “From Southeast Asian Studies to ASEAN Studies: What’s in a Name Change?” Suvannabhumi: Multidisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 10 (2), 31-55.

TOP PUBLICATIONS

Curaming, R. A. (2020) Power and Knowledge in Southeast Asia: State and Scholars in Indonesia and the Philippines. Rethinking Southeast Asia Series. New York & London: Routledge

Curaming, R. A. (2017) “Hegemonic Tool?: Nationalism in Philippine history textbooks, 1900–2000. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 65(4), 417-450.

Curaming, R. A. (2017) “Beyond Knowledge Decolonization: Rethinking the Internalist Perspectives and ‘Progressive’ Scholarship in/on Southeast Asia, Situations, 10 (2), 65–90.

Curaming, R. A. (2011) “Filipinos as Malay: Historicising an Identity.” In Melayu: Politics, Poetics and Paradoxes of Race, edited by Maznah Mohamad and Syed Muhamad Khairudin Aljunied. Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2011, 241-274.

Aljunied, S. M. K. and Curaming, R. A. (2012) “Mediating and Consuming Violence in the Philippines: The Case of Jabidah Massacre,” Critical Asian Studies, 44(2) (2012): 227-250

Curaming, R. A., “The Making of a ‘Classic’ in South East Asian Studies: Another Look at Kahin, Agoncillo and the Revolutions,” South East Asia Research, 20 (4) (2012), 585-599

GRANT DETAILS

2011-2013 (extended to 2105) : “History, Memory, Media and Political Violence in Indonesia and the Philippines”, University Research Grant, UBD (UBD/PNC2/2/RG/1(184)), BND$19,550.

2009-2010 : “Consuming Violence in the Philippines: History and Memory of Jabidah Massacre”, NUS Staff Research Support Scheme (SRSS), a joint-project with Dr. Syed Muhd Khairudin Aljunied, Faculty of Arts and Social Science, National University of Singapore, $$5,640.

2009-2010 : “The Battles for History in Malaysia: A Comparison with the Case of Indonesia, Part II”, Toyota Foundation, SEASREP Comparative and Collaborative Research Grant, (2008-EC-10), US S $3,720.

2008-2009 : “The Battles for History in Malaysia: A Comparison with the Case of Indonesia, Part I”, Toyota Foundation, SEASREP Comparative and Collaborative Research Grant (Number 2007-EC-08), US$5,000.

2008 : “Transnationalism among Filipino and Indonesian Immigrants in Australia”, Endeavour Endeavour Research Fellowship, A$25,000.

2001-2002 : “The Construction and Transmission of Nationalist Discourses in Indonesia and the Philippines”, Ford Foundation-funded ASIA Fellowship Program (now Asian Scholarship Foundation), US$18,900.

RESEARCH OUTPUTS (PATENTS, SOFTWARE, PUBLICATIONS, PRODUCTS)

BOOK EDITOR
Dhont, F., Webster, T., & Curaming, R. (Eds.) (2013). Between the Mountain and the Seas: Positioning Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Curaming, R. A., & Dhont, F. (Eds.) (2012). Education in Indonesia: Issues, Practices and Perspectives. Yogyakarta: Yale International Indonesia Forum and Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

PUBLISHED ARTICLES (SCOPUS/ISI-LISTED JOURNALS)
Curaming, R. (2017) “From Bitter Memories to Heritage-Making? Jabidah massacre and the Mindanao Garden of Peace, Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 32 (1), 78-106” (Scopus-indexed) Link Link to Journal

Curaming, R. A. (2016) “Postcolonial Studies and Pantayong Pananaw in Philippine Historiography: A Critical Engagement”, Kritika Kultura, 27, pp. 63-91. (Scopus and ISI/WoS-indexed journal) Link to PDF

Curaming, R. A. (2012). “The Making of a ‘Classic’ in South East Asian Studies: Another Look at Kahin, Agoncillo and the Revolutions,” South East Asia Research, 20(4), 585-599. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A., & Aljunied, S. M. K. (2012). “Social Memory and State – Civil Society Relations in the Philippines: Forgetting and Remembering the Jabidah ‘Massacre’”. Time & Society, 21(1), 89-103. doi: 10.1177/0961463X11431337. [ISI-listed] (Link to PDF).

Aljunied, S. M. K., & Curaming, R. A. (2012). “Mediating and Consuming Violence in the Philippines”. Critical Asian Studies, 44(2), 227-250. DOI: 10.1080/14672715.2012.672826. [ISI-listed, one of the top journals in Asian Studies] (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2008). “Contextual Factors in the Analysis of State-historian Relations in Indonesia and the Philippines”. Philippine Studies, 56(2), 123-152. [Scopus-listed] (Link to article).

Curaming, R. A. (2006). “Towards a Poststructuralist Southeast Asian Studies?”. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 21(1), 90-112. (Link to PDF).

PUBLISHED IN NON-SCOPUS INDEXED JOURNALS

Curaming, R. A (2016) “On the Viability of Indigenous Methodologies: Implications for Southeast Asian Studies”, Suvannabhumi: Multidisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 55-76. Link to PDF

Curaming, R.A. (2015) Postcolonial Criticism and Southeast Asian Studies: Pitfalls, Retreat, and Unfulfilled Promises, Suvannabhumi: Multidisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 3-25.Link: http://suvannabhumi.iseas.kr/pdf/suvannabhumi0702_01.pdf

Curaming, R. A. (2011). “Beyond Orientalism? Another Look at Orientalism in Indonesian and Philippine Studies”. Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, February 2011. (On-line Link).

Curaming, R. A. (2005). “Behind, Between and Beyond Politics: Analysing the ‘Political’ in the Writing of History Textbooks in Indonesia and the Philippines”. Asia-Pacific Forum (CAPAS, Academia Sinica), 28, 1-20.

Curaming, R. A. (2003). “Towards Reinventing Indonesian Nationalist Historiography”. Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, March 2003. (On-line Link).

PUBLISHED BOOK CHAPTERS

Curaming, R.A. (2016) “Historical Injustice and Human Insecurity: Conflict and Peacemaking in Muslim Mindanao.” In Human Insecurities in Southeast Asia edited by Carnegie, P.J., V.T. King, Zawawi Ibrahim. Singapore: Springer, 121-140. Link Book Chapter

Curaming, R. A., & Kalidjerih, F. (2014). “From Sentimentalism to Pragmatism? Language-in-Education Policy-making in Timor Leste”. In Language, Education and Nation-building: Assimilation and Shift in Southeast Asia edited by Peter Sercombe and Ruanni Tupas. Palgrave Macmillan. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2013). “The End of an Illusion: The Mendiola Massacre and Political Transition in the Post-Marcos Philippines”. In State Violence in East Asia, edited by Narayanan Ganesan and Sung Chull Kim. University of Kentucky Press, pp. 209-230. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A., & Aljunied, S. M. K. (2013). “On the Fluidity and Stability of Personal Memory: Jibin Arula and the Jabidah Massacre in the Philippines”. In Oral History in Southeast Asia: Memories and Fragments, edited by Kah Seng Loh, Stephen Dobbs and Ernest Koh. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 83-100. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A., & Claudio, L. (2013). “(Re)Assessing EDSA ‘People Power’ (1986) as a Critical Conjuncture”. In Conjunctures and Continuities in Southeast Asia, edited by Narayanan Ganesan, Singapore: ISEAS, pp. 25-52. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A., & Kalidjernih, F. (2012). “Good Intention Gone Bad? The Politics of Blame in the Education Discourses in Indonesia”. In Education in Indonesia: Issues and Perspectives, edited by Rommel A. Curaming and Frank Dhont. Yale International Indonesia Forum editorial committee, pp. 113-134. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2011). “Filipinos as Malay: Historicizing an Identity”. In Melayu: Politics, Poetics and Paradoxes of Race, edited by Maznah Mohamad and Syed Muhamad Khairudin Aljunied. Singapore: Singapore University Press, pp. 241-274. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2010). “The Revival of Rukunegara and Its Implications on the Understanding of the Contemporary Appeal of Pancasila”. In Pancasila's Contemporary Appeal: Re-legitimizing Indonesia's Founding Ethos, edited by Thomas Conners, Mason Hoadley, Frank Dhont and Kevin Ko, Yale Indonesia Forum and Sanata Dharma University, pp. 217-238. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A., & Claudio, L. (2010). “A Historicised (Re)Assessment of EDSA ‘People Power’ (1986)”. ARI Working Paper Series 134, Asia Research Institute, Singapore.

Curaming, R. A. (2009). “The Rhetorical as Political: Ramon Magsaysay Award and the Making of a Cold War Culture in Asia”. In Dynamics of the Cold War in Asia: Ideology, Identity, and Culture, edited by Tuong Vu and Wasana Wongsurawat, New York: Palgrave, pp. 127-144. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2008). “The Contrasting Calculus of Power in Sejarah Nasional Indonesia and the Tadhana Project”. In Sejarah yang Memihak: Mengenang Sartono Kartodirdjo, edited by M. Nursam, Baskara T. Wardaya and Asvi Warman Adam, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak, pp. 364-401. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2005). “The State and the Historians in the Construction of Nationalist Historical Discourses in Indonesia and the Philippines: A Preliminary Consideration” In Asian Futures, Asian Traditions, edited by Edwina Palmer, Kent, UK: Global Oriental, pp. 60-80.

Curaming, R. A. (2003). “Towards Reinventing Indonesian Nationalist Historiography”. In Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia: Selected Essays, edited by Donna Amoroso, Bangkok: Dream Catcher for Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, pp. 173-198. Also found online, Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia, March 2003. (Link to Journal).

BOOK REVIEWS
Curaming, R. A. (2016) Review of Questioning Modernity in Indonesia and Malaysia , edited by Wendy Mee and Joel Kahn.Singapore and Kyoto: NUS Press with Kyoto University Press, 2012. In Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 47 (1), 145-147.

Curaming, R. A. (2016) Review of The Postcolonial Orient: The Politics of Difference and the Project of Provincializing Europe by Vasant Kaiwar, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014. In Asian Journal of Social Science, 44 (4-5), 627-629

Curaming, R.A. (2016) Review of Remembering/Rethinking EDSA, edited by J. Paul S. Manzanilla and Caroline S. Hau. Mandaluyong: Anvil Publishing, Inc., 2016. In Social Science Diliman, 12 (2), 78-80.

Curaming, R. A. (2014). Review of The Contours of Mass Violence in Indonesia, 1965-68, edited by Douglas Kammen and Katherine McGregor. Singapore & Copenhagen: NUS Press and NIAS Press, 2012, 305 pp. In Journal of Social Transformation, Vol. 2, No.2, pp. 49-53.

Curaming, R. A. (2013). Review of Contestations of Memory in Southeast Asia, edited by Roxana Waterson and Kwok Kian-Woon. Singapore: NUS Press, 2012, 300 pp. In Historical Dialogues on Historical Justice and Memory. (Online Link).

Curaming, R. A. (2012). Review of The State and Illegality in Indonesia, edited by Edward Aspinall and Gerry van Klinken. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2010. In Southeast Asian Studies (New English version, Kyoto University), 1 (1), 163-165. (Link to PDF).

Curaming, R. A. (2011). Review of Revolutionary Spirit: Rizal in Southeast Asia, John Nery. Singapore: ISEAS. In New Mandala, August 2011. (On-line Link).

Curaming, R. A. (2011). Review of Unfinished Nation, Max Lane. London: Vers. In Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 42(1), 176-178. (Link to Journal).

Curaming, R. A. (2010). Review of Imperial Alchemy: Nationalism and Political Identity in Southeast Asia, Anthony Reid. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In Southeast Asian Studies, 48(2), 210-212. (PDF version).

Curaming, R. A. (2010). Review of Bringing Knowledge Back In: From Social Constructivism to Social Realism, Michael F. D. Young. London and New York: Routledge. In Asian Journal of Social Science, 38(5), 823-825. (Link to journal).

Curaming, R. A. (2007). Review of State Terrorism and Political Identity in Indonesia: Fatally Belonging, Ariel Heryanto. London and New York: Routledge 2006. In Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of Third World Studies, 42(2), 142-147. (PDF Copy).

Curaming, R. A. (2007). Review of Nation Building: Five Southeast Asian Histories, edited by Wang Gung Wu. Singapore: ISEAS, 2005. In Asia-Pacific Review of Social Sciences, 7(1), December 2007, 87-90.

Curaming, R. A. (2006). Review of Beginning to Remember: The Past in Indonesian Present, edited by Mary Zurbuchen. Seattle and Singapore: Singapore University Press with University of Washington Press, 2005. In Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia.

Curaming, R. A. (2006). Review of Menggugat Historiografi Indonesia by Bambang Purwanto and Asvi Warman Adam. Jogyakarta: Ombak, 2005. In Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 37(1) (February), 167-169. (Link to journal).

Curaming, R. A. (2006). Review of Pelurusan Sejarah by Asvi Warman Adam, Jogyakarta: TriDE, 2004. In Review of Indonesia and Malaysian Affairs (RIMA), 40(1), 181-185. (Link to Journal).
Curaming, R. A. (2006). Review of Mematahkan Pewarisan Ingatan: Wacana Anti-Komunis dan Rekonsiliasi Pasca-Suharto by Budiawan. Jakarta: ELSAM. In Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 37(2) (June), 359-361. (Link to journal).

Curaming, R. A. (2005). Review of Beginning to Remember: The Past in Indonesian Present, edited by Mary Zurbuchen. Seattle and Singapore: Singapore University Press with University of Washington Press, 2005. In Graduate Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 3(1), 80-83. (Link to PDF).

CONSULTANCY

October 2016 – designated as the Advisor/Consultant to the team of educators formed by the Ministry of Education Brunei to pilot-test the lesson plans in the UNESCO-textbook project (See 5.2)

February 2016 – designated as the Co-leader of one of the four groups involved in UNESCO-sponsored project, Promoting Intercultural Dialogue and a Culture of Peace in South-East Asia through Shared Histories, to develop teaching materials on the shared histories of Southeast Asia, specifically the Unit called “Southeast Asia and the World.”

Since June 2015 -----member of the Council of Coordinators, a sort of Executive Council of Southeast Asian Studies Association in Southeast Asia (SEA IN SEA), a professional organization for Southeast Asian Studies scholars in Southeast Asia, supported by SEASREP, Toyota Foundation and Japan Foundation.

Since September 2015--- UNESCO Bangkok invited me to serve as a member of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) for the 4-year textbook project on Promoting Intercultural Dialogue and a Culture of Peace in South-East Asia through Shared Histories (For details see the Project website, http://www.unescobkk.org/culture/heritage/shared-histories-sea/

Since November 2015---I serve as a consultant and member of Advisory Board of an international organization, Philippine International Studies Organization (PhiSO). I was also invited to serve as Editorial Board Member of its journal, The International Relations Anatomy (IRA). See http://phiso.org/ (organization); http://phiso.org/the-international-relations-anatomy/ (journal)

Since Oct 2014---I serve as Editorial Board Member, Katipunan: Journal sa Pag-aaral sa Panitikian, Sining at Kultura, an Ateneo de Manila-based academic journal.

Industry, Institute, or Organisation Collaboration

• Editorial Board Member, South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal (UBD, Brunei Darussalam)
• Editorial Board Member, Katipunan: Journal ng mga Pagaaral ng Panitikan, Sining at Kultura (Ateneo de Manila University)
• Editorial Board Member, The International Relations Anatomy (IRA). (See http://phiso.org/ organization);
Advisory Board Member, The Philippine International Studies Organization (PhiSO) http://phiso.org/the-international-relations-anatomy/
• Technical Advisory Committee Member, UNESCO’s Promoting Intercultural Dialogue and a Culture of Peace in South-East Asia through Shared Histories Project, 2015-2019.

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, or ACADEMIC BENEFITS

The projected benefits of my research interests lies in addressing the need to expand freedom and opportunities for common people by understanding and uncovering why and how deeply concealed political interests appear other than what they are actually are, and in the process inadvertently supports the interests of the politically unscrupulous at the expense of unsuspecting common people.