Dr. Paul J. Carnegie


Associate Professor, Institute of Asian Studies


Paul Carnegie is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam. He has diverse interests in the politics, sociology and history of Southeast Asia and Asia-Pacific with an enduring focus on Indonesia. Paul has published widely in his fields including the monograph The Road from Authoritarianism to Democratization in Indonesia (Palgrave Macmillan), the edited volume Human Insecurities in Southeast Asia (Springer) and research output in leading international journals including Pacific Affairs, Australian Journal of Politics and History and Australian Journal of International Affairs. He is also a section editor for the Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity. Paul has extensive applied research experience and networks having lived and worked previously in Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Egypt, Fiji and the United Arab Emirates.


PhD (Queensland)
LLB(Hons) DipLP MPhil (Dundee)


Comparative politics
Human security, precariousness and marginalization
Militant extremism
Post-colonialism and identity
Southeast Asia


Reorganizing Constitutional Power in Indonesia

The following project examines the merits or otherwise of a gradualist approach to constitution-making. By anatomizing the constitutional reform process that took place in Indonesia from 1999-2002, it considers whether or not such an approach is appropriate for establishing meaningful constitutionalism in plural and divided societies.

Applications Invited

Human Security, Marginality and Precariousness in Southeast Asia

A central problem in examining multiple insecurities in Southeast Asia is that each country confronts a different context of human security. How then are we to proceed? The following project examines the complex relationships between safety and risk and that of trust and uncertainty. It considers the efficacy for the the field of human security studies to engage more fully with a wider range of social science concepts and more grounded approaches. In particular, the project will focus on the utility of important theoretical and empirical developments on marginality and their relevance for recognizing and interpreting precarious lives in a Southeast Asian context.

Applications Invited

Life in Brunei Darussalam: A Sociology of the Everyday

The following project investigates the everyday in Brunei to gain new angles of vision and scale on this most discrete of countries. It sets out to weave together scholarly observations and experiences of life at a range of sites across Brunei Darussalam covering religious life, issues of gender, the space of place, and ethnic formation. The aim is to provide a composite and interior view of Brunei Darussalam that foregrounds its nuanced diversity. At the same time, hopefully, this will encourage a more critical reflection on the ways in which we approach the study of everyday life in Southeast Asia.

Applications Invited

Google Scholar Citations


Google Scholar h-index


Google Scholar i10-index


Carnegie, P. J., King, V. T. and Knudsen, M. (2021). Human Security, Marginality and Precariousness in Southeast Asia. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 17(1): 1–28.
Siota, J.B., Carnegie, P.J. and Allen M.G. (2021). Big Men, Wantoks and Donors: A Political Sociology of Public Service Reform in Solomon Islands. Pacific Dynamics, 5(1), pp. 33-48
Carnegie P. J. (2020). Reorganizing Constitutional Power in Indonesia: The Politics of Reform. Journal of Politics and Democratization, 4(4): 53-70.
Carnegie, P. J., Naidu, V. and Tarte, S. (2020). Elections and the Chain of Democratic Choice. Journal of Pacific Studies, 40(2): 6-14.
Carnegie, P.J. (2019). National Imaginary, Ethnic Plurality and State Formation in Indonesia. In S. Ratuva (eds.) Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity. Singapore: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 791-807.


Carnegie, P. J., King, V. T. and Knudsen, M. (2021). Human Security, Marginality and Precariousness in Southeast Asia. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies, 17(1): 1–28
Carnegie, P.J. King V. T. and Zawawi Ibrahim (2016). Human Insecurities in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Springer.
Hamdi, S, P.J. Carnegie, and B. Smith (2015). The Recovery of a non-violent Identity for an Indonesian pesantren in an Age of Terror. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 69(6): 1-19.
Carnegie, P.J. (2010). The Road from Authoritarianism to Democratization in Indonesia. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Carnegie, P.J. (2009). Democratization and decentralization in post-Soeharto Indonesia. Pacific Affairs, 81(4), pp. 15-25.