Pg Dr Hjh Siti Norainna Pg Hj Besar

Assistant Professor, Academy of Brunei Studies


Pg Dr Hajah Siti Norainna graduated from the Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Institute of Education (SHBIE) at Universiti Brunei Darussalam in 2006. In 2007, she was appointed as a tutor at the Academy of Brunei Studies and later promoted to lecturer. She holds a MA degree in Education from the University of Leeds, United Kingdom in 2008. In 2016, she has been awarded with the degree of PhD from the University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

She has been involved in teaching PB1501 Malay Islamic Monarchy Philosophy (MIB), PB1301 The Development of Education in Brunei Darussalam (Perkembangan Pendidikan Negara Brunei Darussalam) and PB 2303 Islam in Brunei (Islam di Brunei) modules at University of Brunei Darussalam. She has also been appointed by Malay Islamic Monarchy Supreme Council as MIB facilitator in workshops and seminars held by Brunei government sectors. At UBD she also contributed in running lecture session for the Global Discovery Programme (GDP) conducted by the Continuing Education Centre. Currently, she has been appointed as Learning Technology Advisor (LTA) for Academy of Brunei Studies.


PhD Education (University of Manchester, United Kingdom)
MA Education (University of Leeds, United Kingdom)
BA Education (honours) (Universiti Brunei Darussalam)


Social Media, TPACK, Community of Inquiry, Education, Melayu Islam Beraja


Siti Norainna Binti Pengiran Haji Besar, Dayangku Hajah. Impact of ICT in Brunei Darussalam System of Education. Janang Bil:10 Bandar Seri Begawan: Akademi Pengajian Brunei. (2009)

Besar, Norainna. Information Communication Technology, Identity, and Brunei Society: A Critical Literature Review in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Vol.3(2), September. (2015).

Besar, Siti Norainna. Students’ Perception of Social Media within the MIB Module, ASEAN Journal of Open Distance Learning, Vol. 8, (2), December. (2016).

Haji Besar, Pengiran Hajah Siti Norainna bt Pengiran. Social Media and its Implementation in Higher Education in MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN: Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.2(2), September, pp.115-126. (2017).

Besar, Pengiran Hajah Siti Norainna binti Pengiran Haji. Situated Learning Theory: The Key to Effective Classroom Teaching? in HONAI: International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies, Volume 1(1), May, pp.49-60. (2018).

Dr Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji Mail, Ampuan Dr Haji Brahim bin Ampuan Haji Tengah, Dr Rozaiman bin Makmun, Dr Nani Suryani binti Haji Abu Bakar, Pg Dr Hajah Siti Norainna binti Pg Haji Besar, Dr Hajah Suraya binti Haji Tarasat & Dr Haji Tassim bin Haji Abu Bakar Brunei Darussalam Educational Policies in Six Decades - A Study of Developments and Challenges. Brunei Historical Society. (2020).

Setiana, D., & Besar, N. (2021, January). Destructive Digital Ecosystem of Cyber Bullying Perfective Within the Information Technology Age. In International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Information System (pp. 26-32). Springer, Cham.

Setiana, D., & Besar, N. (2021). ICT Emerging Technology Impact Within Learning Ecosystem Cyberbullying Among Students: Facts or Rumors?. In Handbook of Research on Analyzing IT Opportunities for Inclusive Digital Learning (pp. 154-171). IGI Global.


31 May 2017, Member of Research. Title: Enam Dekad Dasar Pendidikan Negara Brunei Darussalam: Kajian Perkembangan dan Cabaran. Amount: $10,577. Funding: UBD Research Grant. Duration: 1 year (15 June 2017-15 July 2018)

April 2018. Principal Investigator. Title: Tawhidic Worldview and Islamic Aesthetics In The Art Of Bruneian Tenun. Amount: $10,340. Funding: FIC Research Grant. Duration: 2 year (1 April 2018 – 1 April 2020)

July 2018. Principal Investigator. Title: Siram Sindir: Educational Dissemination of MIB. Amount: $6,260. Funding: FIC Research Grant. Duration: 2 year (1 July 2018 – 1 July 2020)

January 2021. Member of Research. Title: Islamic Religiosity and Individual Differences of Malay Muslims in Brunei Darussalam. Amount: $10,000. Funding: FIC Research Grant. Duration: 2 Year

August 2021. Member of Research. Title: The History and Culture of Kedayan land ownership in Brunei Muara District. Amount: $14,256.20. Funding: FIC Research Grant. Duration: 1 year