Mayyer Ling Mohd Tony Ling

Assistant Lecturer, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences


Mayyer Ling binti Mohammad Tony Ling is an assistant lecturer in the English Studies Programme, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam. She obtained her First class degree in Bachelor of Arts (English Language and Linguistics) from Universiti Brunei Darussalam in 2013. She later obtained a Distinction for Masters of Arts (Applied Linguistics) from University of Essex in 2014, specialising in Intercultural Communication. Her research focus primarily lies in the area of Web 2.0 Discourse, ranging from social media platforms for news consumption, to virtual learning environments for learning and teaching. She is a recipient of the Victoria Doctoral Scholarship and is currently pursuing her PhD in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University Wellington, New Zealand.


BA English Language and Linguistics (First class), 2013
MA Applied Linguistics (Distinction), 2014


Teaching and learning in Virtual Learning Environments
News discourse in social media platforms
Corporate communications in Web 2.0


Virtual Learning Environment for Developing Accountability

Hedges are powerful tool that manages the distance between a claim or ideology and the writer. These linguistic tokens are often seen to be overused by novice writers. Noticeably, students often hide behind hedges or simply agree to expert knowledge holistically so as to not carry the weight of proving ideational claims. This research attempts to identify possible avenues to encourage the development of students’ accountability, as hedges as indicators, through the use of virtual learning environment such as Canvas. Textual analysis is performed on more than 200 discussion and comment posts to identify the various hedges used by the participants.

Applications Invited

Learners as Educators in the Virtual Absence of Authority

Educators often find themselves asking and answering their own questions, and learners parroting what is delivered in classes in examinations. This is noticeable throughout the teaching strata, from primary, to secondary and university classroom settings. The learning that takes place is restricted and streamlined, naturally because there is only one way of thinking, "the educator's way". This results in the lack of creativity, proactivity and innovative thinking in learners. This research attempts to identify possible avenues to encourage the expansion of students' accountability in learning through the use of e-learning technologies such as Canvas.

Applications Invited

Scopus Publications

Scopus Publications


1. Ling, M. (2016). Identity Representation in Press Releases of a Brunei-based Banking Institution. In Noor Azam Haji-Othman, McLellan, J., & Deterding, D. (Eds.), The use and status of language in Brunei Darussalam: A kingdom of unexpected linguistic diversity. Chapter 13. Singapore: Springer.
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2. Ling, M. (2016). Exposure to English Accents in Undergraduate Settings: Gendered Responses? In S. Sebouai et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of Seminar Antarabangsa Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Kemahiran Bahasa bagi Bukan Penuturnya: Realiti dan Harapan (InSTeLL). Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Bandar Seri Begawan, 3-4 February (pp. 13-29). Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei: UNISSA Press.
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3. Ling, M. (2016). Corporate portrait in press releases: The case of banking institutions. Professional and Academic English, 47, 11-17.
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4. Ling, M. (2017). Press release: A tool for public relations. In K. Jerzy (Ed), Banking: Services, opportunities and risks. Chapter 5. NY, USA: Nova Science Publishers.
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5. Ling, M., & Haji Amran, R. (2018). Advancing Achievement through Value-Added Measures: A Study on English Teacher Preparation in Brunei. In S. Zein & R. Stroupe (Eds.), English Language Teacher Preparation in Asia: Policy, Research and Practice (Chapter 4). London: Routledge.
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6. Ling, M. (2019). [Book Review for Creativity and Innovations in ELT Materials Development: Looking Beyond the Current Design, by Dat Bao]. Transitions: Journal of Transient Migration, 3(2). Retrieved from Ingenta Connect. doi: 10.1386/tjtm_00008_5
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7. Ling, M. (2019). Corporate Strategies on Instagram: Content Analysis Framework. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 6(9), 64-74.
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8. Heilmaier, J., & Ling, M. (2020). SMEs and HEIs: Observations from Brunei Darussalam and Germany. Industry and Higher Education.
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9. Ling, M., & Deterding D. (2021). Online Communication by the Brunei Government in Malay and English. In: Ho H.M.Y., Deterding D. (eds) Engaging Modern Brunei. Springer, Singapore.

10. Ling, M., & He, D. (2021). Case Study 7, Brunei: Learners as Educators in the Virtual Absence of Authority. In: L. Miller and J. G. Wu (eds.) Language Learning with Technology. Springer, Singapore.
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11. Ling, M. (2021). [Book Review for (Re)defining Success in Language Learning: Positioning, Participation and Young Emergent Bilinguals at School by Bernstein]. Language Teaching for Young Learners 3(2):367-370
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1. SPSS Software advisor for the English Studies Programme
2. Translator (Malay-English) for the English Studies Programme and the Public
3. Proofreading for post-graduates enrolled in the English Studies Programme
4. Transcriber (Malay and English) for the English Studies Programme and the Public