Dr Ishamina Athirah Muntassir (Gardiner)


Lecturer, Language Centre



PhD in Applied Linguistics (UBD, 2017)


Brunei English
Intelligibility in English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)
Phonetics & Phonology
Pronunciation teaching
Global Englishes
English Medium Instruction (EMI)


Scopus Publications


Google Scholar Citations


Google Scholar h-index


Google Scholar i10-index

Scopus Publications


• Deterding D., Gardiner, I. A., & Noorashid, N. (2022). The phonetics of Malay (Elements in Phonetics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108942836
• Boye, S., Gardiner, I. A., & Littlejohn, A. (2021). ‘Makes head hurt’: School-aged learners’ perceptions in the language classroom. System. [Published online]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2021.102560
• Gardiner, I. A., Littlejohn, A., & Boye, S. (2021). Researching learners’ perceptions: The use of the repertory grid technique. Language Teaching Research. [Published online] https://doi.org/10.1177/13621688211013623
• Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2020). The features of Asian Englishes: Phonology. In K. Bolton, W. Botha, & A. Kirkpatrick (Eds.), The Handbook of Asian Englishes (pp. 189-207). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118791882.ch8
• Gardiner, I. A. (2019). Intelligibility of an L2 variety in ELF interactions: Brunei English and vowel pronunciation. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 5(2), 247-268. https://doi.org/10.1075/jslp.17049.gar
• Gardiner, I. A., Deterding, D., & Yabit Alas. (2019). The pronunciation of Dusun. South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 19, 14-21.
• Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2019). Language selection and assessment in Brunei Darussalam. In F. Fang & H. P. Widodo (Eds.), Critical perspectives on Global Englishes in Asia: Language policy, curriculum, pedagogy and assessment (pp. 45-63). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. http://multilingual-matters.com/display.asp?K=9781788924092
• Gardiner, I. A., Boye, S., Salleh, S. M., & Yusof, N. (2018). English teacher preparation in Brunei Darussalam: An overview of the Master of Teaching programme from multiple perspectives. In S. Zein & R. Stroupe (Eds.), English Language teacher preparation in Asia: Policy, research and practice (pp. 129-149). London: Routledge.
• Deterding, D., & Gardiner, I. A. (2018). New pronunciation en route to world Englishes. In O. Kang, R. I. Thomson, & J. M. Murphy (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary English Pronunciation (pp. 218-231). London: Routledge.
• Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2017). Pronunciation and miscommunication in ELF interactions: an analysis of initial clusters. In J. Jenkins, W. Baker, & M. Dewey (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca (pp. 224-232). London: Routledge.
• Ishamina, A., & Deterding, D. (2017). English-medium education in a university in Brunei Darussalam: Code-switching and intelligibility. In B. Fenton-Smith, P. Humphreys & I. Walkinshaw (Eds.), English medium instruction in higher education in Asia-Pacific: From policy to pedagogy (pp. 281-298). Dordrecht: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51976-0_15
• Deterding, D., & Ishamina, A. (2017). Brunei Malay. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47(1), 99-108. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025100316000189
• Ishamina Athirah (2016). The role of fast speech in misunderstandings in Brunei English. In Noor Azam Haji-Othman, J. McLellan & D. Deterding (Eds.), The use and status of language in Brunei Darussalam: A kingdom of unexpected linguistic diversity (pp. 41-56). Singapore: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-0853-5_5
• Ishamina Athirah (2016). TH in misunderstandings in Brunei English, South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16, 1-7.
• Ishamina Athirah (2015). Listener pronunciation in misunderstandings in international communication, South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15, 26-35.
• Ishamina Athirah & Deterding, D. (2015). The role of noun phrases in misunderstandings in Brunei English in ELF settings. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 4(2), 283-308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/jelf-2015-0021


Research project: Teachers' and learners' perceptions of classroom language learning tasks.
Principal researchers: Assoc. Prof. Dr Andrew Littlejohn (SHBIE), Dr Ishamina Athirah Muntassir Gardiner (LC), Dr Sarah Boye (LC)
Grant no.: UBD/RSCH/1.17/FICBF(b)/2019/001


Intensive English Language programmes (Teaching)
Editorial services (Proofreading, Copy-editing, Translating)

Industry, Institute, or Organisation Collaboration

APB, UiTM Kedah - LC, UBD Internationalisation Project (Feb 2020)
Joint international conference by APB, UiTM Kedah-LC, UBD: "i-InTeLec 2021" (International Innovation In Teaching & Learning And Language Education Conference) to be held in November 2021


Reviewer for International Journal of Applied Linguistics (Wiley) - 2018
Reviewer for Language Teaching Research (SAGE) - 2020
Reviewer for Journal of Multicultural Education (Emerald) - 2021

Conducting research on:
- English in Brunei,
- description of and the intelligibility of Brunei English,
- the education system of Brunei: dwibahasa (bilingual system) and EMI,
- description of the languages of Brunei
- ELF (English as a Lingua Franca) in the Asian context
- the phonetics and phonology of Malay