Dr Ishamina Athirah (Gardiner)


Lecturer, Language Centre




Brunei English
Phonetics & Phonology
English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)
Pronunciation teaching


Scopus Publications


Google Scholar Citations


Google Scholar h-index

Scopus Publications

  • Brunei Malay
    David Deterding and Ishamina Athirah

    Journal of the International Phonetic Association, ISSN: 00251003, eISSN: 14753502, Pages: 99-108, Published: 1 April 2017
    Cambridge University Press

  • The role of fast speech in misunderstandings in Brunei English
    Ishamina Athirah

    The Use and Status of Language in Brunei Darussalam: A Kingdom of Unexpected Linguistic Diversity, Pages: 41-56, Published: 1 January 2016
    Springer Singapore


• Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (forthcoming). Language selection and assessment in Brunei Darussalam. In F. Fang & H. P. Widodo (Eds.), Critical perspectives on Global Englishes in Asia: Language policy, curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Multilingual Matters. http://multilingual-matters.com/display.asp?K=9781788924092
• Gardiner, I. A. (2019). Intelligibility of an L2 variety in ELF interactions: Brunei English and vowel pronunciation. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation. Published online: https://doi.org/10.1075/jslp.17049.gar
• Gardiner, I. A., Boye, S., Salleh, S. M., & Yusof, N. (2018). English teacher preparation in Brunei Darussalam: An overview of the Master of Teaching programme from multiple perspectives. In S. Zein & R. Stroupe (Eds.), English Language teacher preparation in Asia: Policy, research and practice (pp. 129–149). London: Routledge.
• Deterding, D., & Gardiner, I. A. (2018). New pronunciation en route to world Englishes. In O. Kang, R. I. Thomson, & J. M. Murphy (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary English Pronunciation (pp. 218–231). London: Routledge.
• Gardiner, I. A., & Deterding, D. (2017). Pronunciation and miscommunication in ELF interactions: an analysis of initial clusters. In J. Jenkins, W. Baker, & M. Dewey (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca (pp. 224-232). London: Routledge.
• Ishamina, A., & Deterding, D. (2017). English-medium education in a university in Brunei Darussalam: Code-switching and intelligibility. In B. Fenton-Smith, P. Humphreys & I. Walkinshaw (Eds.), English medium instruction in higher education in Asia-Pacific: From policy to pedagogy (pp. 281–298). Dordrecht: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51976-0_15
• Deterding, D., & Ishamina, A. (2017). Brunei Malay. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47(1), 99-108. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025100316000189
• Ishamina Athirah (2016). The role of fast speech in misunderstandings in Brunei English. In Noor Azam Haji-Othman, J. McLellan & D. Deterding (Eds.), The use and status of language in Brunei Darussalam: A kingdom of unexpected linguistic diversity (pp. 41–56). Singapore: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-0853-5_5
• Ishamina Athirah (2016). TH in misunderstandings in Brunei English, South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 16, 1–7.
• Ishamina Athirah (2015). Listener pronunciation in misunderstandings in international communication, South East Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15, 26–35.
• Ishamina Athirah & Deterding, D. (2015). The role of noun phrases in misunderstandings in Brunei English in ELF settings. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 4(2), 283–308. DOI: 10.1515/jelf-2015-0021.


English Language training programmes


Providing research on the intelligibility of Brunei English.