Norainie Ahmad @Nikki


Lecturer | Researcher | Graduate Programme Coordinator
Institute of Policy Studies, UBD
Areas: Social Policy; Women's and Gender Studies; Public Policy & Policy Analysis
St. Cross College, Oxford University
Oxford Institute of Population Ageing
Sociology Department, Oxford University

Research Associate at the Centre for Advanced Research (CARe) UBD
Asian Population Association
Asian Association of Women's Studies
Women in Public Policy International Network (IPPA-WIPP)
UNESCO Inclusive Policy Lab Expert
International Public Policy Association (IPPA)


BA (Hons) Geography & Anthropology, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD)

Semester Abroad, National University of Singapore (NUS)

Junior Year Abroad, King's College London (KCL)

MSc in Public Policy and Administration, Department of Government, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

DPhil in Sociology, University of Oxford (finishing for submission)


Norainie Ahmad is a Lecturer at the Institute of Policy Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD). Her alma mater includes The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) where she received her MSc in Public Policy and Administration. She matriculated into Oxford University and became a member of St. Cross College, while reading Sociology for her DPhil. She has been appointed as the National Consultant and Gender Expert for the Enhanced Regional EU-ASEAN Dialogue Instrument (E-READI) and Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports, tasked to spearhead a study on “Women’s Political Participation and Leadership in ASEAN” for Brunei, which has now been completed. She is a Research Associate at the Centre for Advanced Research (CARe), and is affiliated with the Asian Population Association, Asian Association of Women’s Studies, Women in Public Policy Network, and an Expert on UNESCO Inclusive Policy Lab. She trains postgraduates and experienced civil servants in Public Policy Analysis and policy brief writing, using the case study method and various other approaches. She has also supervised Masters of Public Policy students in their Public Policy Analysis capstone projects, primarily in the review of social policies related to gender, housing, health, education, the SDGs, and the environment. She has successfully supervised and passed military officers under the Command and Staff Course (CSC/GDSS) and MDSS programmes in conducting their research on various strategic and defense themes, including COVID-19 and the role of the military, the US-led liberal international order, failed and failing states, gender integration in the military, and protective security.

For consultancies, she has engaged with the Executive Development Programme (EDPMMO), EDPRBPF as well as other government-commissioned work.


Masri, S. N. & Ahmad, N. (2024). Fostering Inclusivity and a Supportive Workplace for the Hearing Impaired: Towards Hifz Al-Nafs. In M. Hamdan, M. Anshari, N. Ahmad, & E. Ali (Eds.), Global Trends in Governance and Policy Paradigms (pp. 150-164). IGI Global.

Hamdan, M., Anshari, M., Ahmad, N., & Ali, E. (Eds.). (2024). Global Trends in Governance and Policy Paradigms. IGI Global.

Affandy, A. H. and Ahmad, N. (2024) "Formal and Informal Support for Single Mothers: Exploring Unmet Needs and Challenges in Brunei". International Journal for Studies on Children, Women, Elderly and Disabled, Vol. 20, pp. 134-145.

Hamdani, N. and Ahmad, N. (2024) "Women's Civic Engagement and Advocacy for Victims of Domestic Violence in Brunei". International Journal for Studies on Children, Women, Elderly and Disabled, Vol. 20, pp. 124-133.

Ahmad, N. (2024) "Weaving the Narratives of Womanhood: Quo Vadis, Ladies?" in Ooi, Keat Gin and Norainie Ahmad (Eds.) Brunei Women's Voices: Work, Health and Agency. London: Routledge. (Forthcoming - IN PRESS)

Kamis, Nur-Ihsan and Ahmad, N. (2023) "Muslim Adoptive Motherhood in Brunei: Reconciling Tensions and Identity Dynamics". International Journal for Studies on Children, Women, Elderly and Disabled, Vol. 19, pp. 68-78.

Arifin, E. N. and Ahmad, N. (2023) "Changing Faces of Brunei Population" in Ananta, A., Hoon, C-Y., and Hamdan, M. (Eds). Stability, Growth and Sustainability: Catalysts for Socio-Economic Development in Brunei Darussalam. Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, pp. 161-194.

Juna, M. A., M. Anshari, Ahmad, N. and Hamdan, M. (2022) "Working from Home, COVID-19 and Multi-Dimensional Model of Well-Being Theory". Int. J. of Work Organisation and Emotion. DOI: 10.1504/IJWOE.2022.10049789

M. Anshari, Hamdan, M., Ahmad, N., Ali, E. Z. and Haidi, H. (2022) "COVID-19, Artificial Intelligence, Ethical Challenges and Policy Implications". AI & Society, pp. 1-14.

Hamdan, M., M. Anshari, and Ahmad, N. (Eds). (2022) Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): Potentials and Challenges. Sharjah, UAE: Bentham Science.

Ahmad, N. (2022). "Demography of Brunei", in Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Brunei, edited by Ooi Keat Gin and Victor King. Oxford and New York: Routledge.

Ahmad, N., Muhammad, N. and Ibrahim, K. (2022). "Women's Empowerment in Brunei", in Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Brunei, edited by Ooi Keat Gin and Victor King. Oxford and New York: Routledge.

Ahmad, N. (January 2021). "State of the Art Review of Women's and Gender Studies (WGS) in Brunei", Report submitted to the Association of Women's Studies, Ewha Womans University South Korea. Available at: DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.24608.92168

Hartley, K. and Ahmad, N. (2021). "Neo-Professionalization of the Civil Service: An Institutional Perspective on Policy Studies Education". In Anis Ben Brik and Leslie A. Pal (Eds). The Future of the Policy Sciences. Cheltenham: Edward-Elgar.

Hamdan, M., Ahmad, N., Jaidin, J. H. and Anshari, M. (2020). "Internationalisation in Brunei's Higher Education and its Policy Implications: Case Study of Universiti Brunei Darussalam". TEST Engineering & Management, Vol. 83, pp. 764-779.

Ahmad, N. (2019). "Policy Implications for Working Women in Brunei". Japan Labor Issues Vol. 3(17), pp. 39-46.

Ahmad, N. (2018). "The Socioeconomic Context of Fertility Decline and Preference in Brunei". In Gietel-Basten, S., Casterline, J. and Choe, M. K. (Eds.). Family Demography in Asia: A Comparative Analysis of Fertility Preferences. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; pp. 52-67.

Ahmad, N. (2018). Attitudes Towards Family Formation Among Young Adults in Brunei Darussalam. Pakistan Journal of Women's Studies: Alam-e-Niswan, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 15-34.

Hamdan, M. and Ahmad, N. (2018). Culture and Education. In The Belt and Road Country Profiles (Brunei Darussalam). Dalian: Dalian Maritime University Press.

Norainie Ahmad (2017). [Review of Motherhood and Work in Contemporary Japan, by Nishimura Junko]. Asian Journal of Women's Studies RAJW, 23(2), pp. 264-8.

How Modest is Modest Fashion? Exploring Notions of Modesty within the Context of Muslim Women's Hypervisibility on Instagram. Collaborative Research funded under the Korea-ASEAN Cooperation Project [Phase 3] “Gender Justice and Democracy in Asia”. Coordinator: Professor Chalidaporn Songsamphan (Thammasat University). URL:[Full_Text]_KACP_Collaborative_Research_Report.pdf

Caught Between Values and Choices: The Narratives of Reproduction among Contemporary Bruneian Women (2015). Paper presented at the Institute of Policy Studies Seminar Series, UBD, 29th January (unpublished).

Fertility Decision-Making among Women in Brunei Darussalam: Values and the Fluid Nature of Rezeki (2014). Paper presented at the Korea-ASEAN Cooperation Project (KACP) on Education and Exchange Programme for Young Scholars in Women’s Studies: Uncovering Korea-ASEAN Womens Lived Realities through Feminist Research.

Understanding the Fertility Decline in Brunei (2013). Paper presented at the Brunei Students Research Symposium, Imperial College London, United Kingdom, 6th April (unpublished).

Kalau ada, ada; Kalau nada, nada: Understanding Reproductive Decision Making amongst Women in Brunei (2012). Paper presented at the Southeast Asian Seminar Series, Oxford Department of International Development/Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, 29th November (unpublished)

Making Decisions About Having Children: Disentangling Fertility Preferences and Intentions of Muslim Women (In progress). DPhil in Sociology, Department of Sociology/Oxford Institute of Population Ageing, University of Oxford.

Control Mechanisms in a Small State University (2006) Unpublished MSc in Public Policy dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science.

Social Geographies at The Centrepoint: A Question of Contestation and Identity at a Locale at the Gadong Commercial Centre (2004) Unpublished BA (Hons) in Geography and Anthropology dissertation, UBD.


The Governance of Microstates during the COVID-19 Crisis: Building Resilience through Effective Policies Amidst Challenges and Vulnerabilities. FIC Research Grant (BND35,742/2 years project. Completed January 2023.) – Role: Co-Principal Investigators (PI) with Dr. Mahani Hj. Hamdan.

Korea-ASEAN Cooperation Project (KACP) on Education and Exchange Program for Young Scholars in Women's Studies, sponsorship from the ASEAN-ROK Cooperation Fund, for the following activities:

- [Phase 2, Part I] International Colloquium and Open Forum with Study Tour in Penang, Malaysia (28-31 October 2014) with the theme "Uncovering Korea-ASEAN Women's Lived Realities through Feminist Research". All paid expenses for round trip to Malaysia including meals and accommodation.

- [Phase 3] Collaborative Research: Gender Justice and Democracy in Asia (January-December 2016). Seed grant of USD1000 for individual research project expenses, paid accommodations, meals, and travel expenses to and from Bangkok, Thailand, in June 2016 (for Collaborative Research Development Workshop), and paid travel expenses to Hanoi, Vietnam in December 2016 [for the 4th Congress of the Asian Association of Women's Studies (AAWS) 'Engendering Citizenship in Asia'] [URL]:


Master's Thesis Research Supervision:

Major Lizawati Hj Suhaili - "Intergenerational Dynamics in the Military" (MDSS)

Nazihah Hj. Hamdani - "Formal and Informal Institutional Support for Domestic Violence Victims: A Maqasid of Shari’ah Perspective" (MIG - Submitted)

Siti Nur Rafhanah Awg Masri - "Islamic Governance of the Hearing-Impaired: Multidimensional Perspectives in Brunei Darussalam"

Dk Nur Ihsan Pg Kamis - "Exploring Kafalah Systems in Brunei: Islamic Governance and Childcare Alternatives" (MIG - Submitted)


Major (U) Azmi Hj. Afflon - "Navigating the Art of Diplomacy: The Case of China" (MDSS - 2024)

Colonel Pg Sharifuddin Pg Hj Yusof - Examining Discrepancies in Professional Military Knowledge Among Royal Brunei Armed Forces (RBAF) Officers: A Case Study of Military Education from the RBAF Perspective (MDSS - 2024)

Lt. Cdr. Dk Lyadia Ulandari Pg Haji Muhammad, RBN - "The Well-Being of RBN Personnel at Times of Uncertainty: A Case Study of Counselors during the Pandemic Upheaval in Brunei, 2020-2022" (IRP/CSC13 - 2023)

Lt. Cdr. Hidayatul Zabidah Haji Dayang, RBN - "Military Family Welfare: Issues And Challenges Among Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) In The Royal Brunei Navy (RBN)" (IRP/CS13 - 2023)

Lt. Col. Pg. Baharuddin Pg. Ali - "Enhancing Protective Security in the Armed Forces" (MDSS - 2023)

Major Lizawati Hj Suhaili - "Gender Integration in the Military and The Underrepresentation of Female Officers in Senior Positions: The Royal Brunei Armed Forces Perspectives" (IRP/CSC12 - 2022)

Major (U) Muhd Isyhak Hj Ismail - "The Expansion of Royal Brunei Air Force Training into Royal Brunei Air Academy: Challenges and Way Forward" (IRP/CSC12 - 2022)

Major (U) Wan Muhammad Azem - "The Challenges to the US-Led Liberal International Order and its Survival" (IRP/CSC11 - 2021)

Squadron Leader Kunal Vishwas Shimpi - "Air Power as a Tool of Coercive Diplomacy" (IRP/CSC11 - 2021)

Lt. Col. Mohd Ghazali Hj Hussin - "Roles of the Military During COVID-19: Brunei's Perspectives" (MDSS - 2021)

Mastulah Nakalule - "Mother to Child Transmission of HIV: Retention of Mother-Baby Pairs into Care" (MPPM Public Policy Analysis Capstone - 2020)

Lt. Col. (U) Md. Zabri Abdul Rahman - "An Analysis of the Challenges to the Liberal International Order" (IRP/CSC10 - 2020)

Lt. Cdr. Mohd Nazir Izwan Ahmad - "Successful Gender Integration in the Military and its Link to Operational Effectiveness: Case Study on Malaysia" (IRP/CSC10 - 2020)

Lt. Col. (U) Pg. Hairol Iskhandar Pg. Ahmad - "An Analysis of the Effectiveness of International Intervention in Fragile States" (IRP/CSC9 - 2019)


National Consultant and Gender Expert for "The Study on Women's Political Participation and Leadership in ASEAN (WPPL)" (Enhanced Regional EU-ASEAN Dialogue Instrument, EREADI, through the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports, Government of Brunei Darussalam/MCYS) (September 2022 - November 2023)

Country Coordinator for the ASEAN Centre for Women's Studies Research on Women's/Gender Studies Curriculum Development in Asia (November - December 2020) (EWHA Womans University).

Preceptor for the 30th Executive Development Programme for Middle Managers (EDPMMO), ILIA (September 2020), for Module: Policy Analysis.

Facilitator/Assessor for the Commonwealth Youth Programme Diploma in Youth in Development Work (2007), for Module 18: Population and Family Life Education (in consultation with the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports and collaboration with members of the Department of Public Policy, UBD)

Researcher, "The Multifunctionality of Agriculture in Brunei Darussalam" (2007-8) (in consultation with the Agriculture Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources, and collaboration with Azman Ahmad, Roger Lawrey, Dr. Ram Pillariseti and Roslee Baha)

Industry, Institute, or Organisation Collaboration

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